Glaucoma is the name given to a group of progressive eye conditions that affect the optic nerve (the nerve that connects the eye to the brain) resulting in visual loss. Glaucoma often affects both eyes but gives no symptoms at all until it is very advanced – “the silent thief of vision”. However, if glaucoma is diagnosed and treated early enough, further damage to the vision can be prevented.

At Dr Ioannides Laser Eye Clinic we have adopted protocols and recommendations as set by The Royal College of Ophthalmologists (London) as well as the American Academy of Ophthalmology for the initial comprehensive glaucoma evaluation. The assessment includes:

– a detailed medical and family history
– measuring the systemic blood pressure
– measuring the pressure in the eye (tonometry)
– measuring the thickness of the cornea (ultrasound pachymetry)
– examining the eye’s drainage angle (biomicroscopic gonioscopy)
– examining and taking a digital photo of the optic nerve (using Carl Zeiss Visucam Pro)
– testing the peripheral vision (using Carl Zeiss Humphrey visual field test)
– evaluating the thickness of the optic nerve fibers (using Carl Zeiss HD-OCT scan)

When glaucoma is diagnosed, treatment options include:

– eye drops to reduce the eye pressure
– laser treatment
– surgery